In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were discovered in South Africa in the wild gladiolus of notable size. These were crossed and especially from the Netherlands were more and more varieties on the market, ranging in size from 50 to 170 centimeters. Also appeared small types, Gladiolus nanus, particularly graceful and beautiful species. A smaller type is called Butterfly gladioli, they are distinguished by a particular color pattern.
As written, the gladioli come originally from South Africa. There they were used as food by the population and mixed in biologics.
The name "gladiolus" is derived from the Latin "gladius" which means sword, which refers to the leaf shape.
The ancient Romans were infamous gladiator fights took place. It was literally to the death or gladioli: who overcame the other, was buried under gladioli.
Abroad, the gladiolus flower and very popular as grave as processing large bouquets. Because many gladioli from our country to be exported abroad, the emphasis in the cultivation on the large red, yellow and white species.